Ask a Repair Shop

Ask a Repair Shop

This is the story of how you’re buying your enterprise software the wrong way. Probably your appliances, too.

This is an excerpt from my guide, “Enterprise Software Confidential.”

This post is also available in Chinese thanks to Xu Zhi.

Some years ago, I had a broken GE washer. Pretty sure I knew the culprit, but if I was wrong I’d waste a bunch of money on a part I couldn’t return. So I called a local repair shop who serviced a number of brands, including mine. “Oh, we don’t repair GE anymore. They’re pretty much throwaways now. When they break, you just buy a new one.”

This shocked me, beyond learning of GE’s quality nosedive.1 If their products frequently broke, wouldn’t that mean a steady stream of work? Then I realized a flaw in human reasoning. The first time it breaks, you blame the manufacturer. The second time, and every time after that, you blame the repair shop. For a repair shop, servicing appliances from a bad vendor can damage your reputation. Upon realizing this, I called him right back. “If GE is bad, who do you recommend?” I got a full education on washers, including a lot of industry dirty laundry.

Since then, every time I make an appliance purchase – vacuum cleaner, dishwasher, car – I go to a repair shop. They’re always excited to talk to someone who will listen. They may even have a used model that will last you for years.  (more…)

  1. Could be better now, but I wouldn’t know. []

Officially an Athlete

Big news everyone! I’m officially an athlete. OK, I see confusion on some of your faces, so allow me to explain.

I was in a department store, looking to purchase some trousers. I saw some from the Dockers line of the Levi Strauss company, in a style branded “Athletic,” and I ignored them at first. However, when I couldn’t find “relaxed fit” I returned to them. Turns out, athletic trousers are just the type I need.

First, they sit below the waist. Athletes such as myself store a lot of energy in the waist area, and we need pants that conform to our physique, which God has designed for spectacular performance.

Second, it offers extra room in the thighs and “seat.” As you know if we’ve met, I store a lot of energy in those areas as well. It’s important to have deep energy reserves for whenever I do something athletic, like get up from a chair. But also, and this is just as important, sitting back down in that chair. This is what’s known as “high intensity interval training,” and I’m able to endure very long intervals.

The legs are tapered. Partly because if they weren’t they’d use 50% more cotton. But this also cuts down on wind resistance if I need to move, cheetah-like, toward a buffet table. And let’s not forget, we athletes are style icons, and of course turn to the Dockers line to stay on the cutting edge of fashion.

Finally, the material stretches. An absolute must for athletic activities that cause our haunches to flex and bulge. Examples include getting out of a car, or mercurial employment of the 5-second rule.

On behalf of all athletes: thank you, Levi Strauss & Co. Your acumen in fashionable athletic-wear is unrivaled.

An Education on Education

An Education on Education

I had a very expensive education. But it was at a good school (RPI),1 in the right major at the right time.2 So upon graduation, I was employed, well-paid, and ready to avoid snow for the rest of my life.

However, many students have paid just as much or more, but they ended up with massive debt and terrible prospects. Here’s how you can have a great education and a great job, or at least avoid crippling debt. Fair warning: it also explains why we’ll never see free higher education in the US.

Forgive and Forget
Student loans are common and literally unforgivable, meaning bankruptcy doesn’t erase them. Why? Well, if you stop paying your mortgage, they take your house. Your car loan? They take your car. But there’s no lien on your education, and no way to repossess it. It’s yours for life, or at least until you forget it. In a dystopian system, they could make you forget it, but they still wouldn’t have it back. That’s why you always owe what you borrowed for education.

A forgiven student loan is essentially a scholarship or grant. Those are great, but have completely different qualification criteria. You typically have to have good grades and beat out other students. I got some grants and scholarships due to academic performance, but it only covered half my tuition. Those who performed better than I, or had greater financial need, got full rides. Makes sense!

Less Than the Paper It’s Printed On
Some think all higher education should be free, but that would be insane because of value. By value, I mean your earning potential after graduation. Some degrees are worthless. Actually, when you factor in opportunity cost – what you could have gained with the same time, effort, and money – they have negative value. This describes many degrees at for-profit universities. Some say those universities tricked people into going there, and I’m sure some did. The government is definitely doing a lousy job of protecting students there. Maybe forgiveness is reasonable in those extreme situations (fraud), but I’d rather see a class action or government lawsuit for fraud repay students, instead of our tax dollars.

Let’s say you’re going to a good school. Your major and the job market still have a huge impact on degree value, and it changes over time. Switch to a Democrat in the White House, defense spending goes down, as does the value of an aerospace engineering degree. Stringent (some would say overbearing) regulation on nuclear power plants has had the same effect on nuclear engineers. These unpredictable events can devalue a degree significantly. Disruptive technology can have a similar effect.

But even with good timing, is the right school and major enough? No, your degree matters a great deal. A friend who majored in bio had to get a masters degree just to be a lab tech or teach high school.3 Just about every scientific field other than computer science requires you to get a Ph.D. to any career prospects. Many fields of engineering now expect a MS. It blows me away how many students enter college without realizing that.

Of course, you can still have the right major and degree at a reputable school, but it’s the wrong school! Most American universities are specialized in one field or another. Combined with reputation, it has a big impact on value. For instance, MIT is one of the best engineering schools in the world, if not the best. STEM4 degrees from there are quite valuable.

But did you know that MIT offers majors in all sorts of liberal arts fields, such as languages, cultures, and literature/writing? Given that MIT is also one of the most expensive schools in the world, do you think this is a wise investment? What is the expected return on a writing degree from here vs. NYU or the University of Iowa? (Hint: they are the MIT of creative writing.)

The Tuition is Too Damn High
So why don’t universities charge different prices for different degrees, when their value differs so wildly, and there’s clear data to prove it? Because the cost to educate them is roughly the same. You’ve surely heard about the soaring cost of education. Well, investigative reports show it’s not due to faculty salaries. Dependence on adjunct professors has skyrocketed, keeping educator payroll (vs. administrative) pretty stable.

Adjuncts are the bottom rung of professorship. They are part-time teaching jobs that not only have low wages, but educators are paid only for the hours spent in the classroom, not preparing lesson plans or grading papers. Many work multiple jobs to get by and are on welfare and food stamps.

One theory behind the rise of adjuncts is a flooded labor market. Lately, more college students are unsure of what to do upon graduation. They don’t like their options, especially if they have a liberal arts degree, so they stay in school. They get an MFA or PhD, take on more debt. Now they’re qualified for a job that has a flooded market and the worst prospects for tenure we’ve ever seen.5

So if the actual teaching costs aren’t to blame, what is? Buildings. Turns out, your obscene tuition – and alumni gifts – go to new buildings and campus beautification/maintenance. Why? Because prospective students rank campus beauty and amenities very highly when choosing a school.

My friend’s daughter is very smart and sensible. They toured several schools, but when they got to the Ivy League schools, she was smitten. “It looks like Hogwarts!” She’s right, and you know what? I did the same thing. I toured some schools with computer labs that were just a bunch of Macs and PCs scattered around a room. Then I visited RPI and saw rows and rows of high-end workstations housed here:


A big, beautiful chapel of stone and stained glass. It was like a sign from God.

Teenagers may be very smart and sensible (or not), but we’re asking them to make major life decisions – high risk investments – without the benefit of wisdom and hindsight. They are emotional thinkers, and architecture makes us emotional. So they weigh it much higher than they should, and colleges are using it to win them over.

A friend pointed out that administrative costs are also rising. That’s true, but I’ve read that most are related to buildings – it takes a lot of people to plan, build, maintain, and staff a $100M building. You know, like the arts building at my alma mater, an engineering school. Of course, it went way over budget.

Indiscriminately handing out loans makes it easy for schools to raise tuition. Since Reagan, politicians have been buying votes with easy money for houses, elevating homeownership to a basic human right, and causing the housing bubble and economic collapse of 2008. The same kind of thinking, applied to student loans, has created a tuition bubble. Unless we put that in check, tuition will continue to rise and Americans will be saddled with ever more debt.


The first is mandatory mentoring. Before teens pick a school, force them to interact with professionals who have the job they think they want.6 Tell them which schools in their field are most respected, and what degrees are required. In other words, tell them up front what the minimum requirements are. We assume they know this, but they don’t, and neither do their parents. That wastes tons of time and money on the wrong school, major, degree, or all three.

Next, make schools collect data on employment rates and salaries by major. That’s the basic info a student needs to calculate his/her return on investment (ROI) for their chosen degree program. It should be part of the accreditation process and used for student loan qualification. People hate hearing this, but for the foreseeable future, computer science majors at top engineering schools should qualify for much bigger student loans than art history majors at the same school. Or, for that matter, CS majors at Bojangles College of Book Learnin’ and Taxidermy.

That’s smart investing. You don’t reward schools for skyrocketing tuition by having taxpayers give everyone a free ride. That’s part of what’s caused this mess. Schools will erect gilded palaces with 24/7 concierges and we’ll foot the bill.

And those bills will only get bigger. People point to Scandinavian countries as a working model for free education, but ask someone from there how many “permanent students” they know. People studying into their 30s, getting multiple degrees, happily living off the stipend with no intention to graduate. Then consider that the US population is over 12 times larger than all of Scandinavia combined. Heck, California alone is 40% bigger. Imagine the tax burden this would cause. Actually, you don’t have to, just ask someone from Scandinavia what their tax rate is.

At the same time, a top student from a poor family should never think they can’t afford Harvard or MIT. It should be guaranteed!7 That’s how we raise the impoverished. Reward both students and universities who perform well.

Finally, is there an alternative to college? Mike Rowe has been pointing out for years that our society suffers from a false belief that colleges are the only good answer to employment, and learning a trade is a recipe for hard times. In reality, compared to many college graduates, welders and machinists make way better money, have better job security, and they spent less time and money on their education.

I know it’s not easy work, but it could be a lucrative path to artist or author. I’m willing to bet that many tradesmen have great stories. I know veterans do;  just look at Hemingway. Pulitzer Prize? Check. Nobel Prize? Check. College degree? Nope.

The Future

It’s fun to think about the future and what might disrupt education. The first, which is already happening, is distance learning and MOOCs (massive open online courses). A great example is the Online Master of Computer Science offered by Georgia Tech. For at least 25 years, Georgia Tech has been considered a top 10 engineering school and by all accounts their distance learning program is legit. It’s just as rigorous as the one on campus, but cheaper and more convenient.

Given all the cheap adjuncts and grad students available to act as teaching assistants, you can have the star professors giving the lectures and scale this out to many students across the world.

You can also have educational tourism, in the same way you have medical tourism. That could play out in a few ways. First, note that undergraduate education, in STEM fields at least, is largely homogeneous. It’s there to prepare you for a graduate degree, where the real differentiation happens.

Therefore, a school abroad could gain a good reputation by licensing a curriculum from a top school. MIT Open Courseware has most of their material online for anyone to learn from. If a school could also license the assignments, tests, and grading policy, it would gain instant credibility.8

There has already been press about Americans attending German colleges for “free.” I can even see the same for us, brain draining the rest of the world because we don’t have enough students who get can into, say, top medical schools. Seems like a great alternative to a doctor shortage. I’m all for attracting the world’s best to America and fast-tracking their citizenship and contribution to society (including taxes).



  1. Less famous for being the oldest engineering school in the country than for its 4:1 gender ratio. []
  2. Computer science during the dot com boom. []
  3. Some states, including NY, require both a MS degree and a teaching credential to teach science. Despite the fact that a semester of college science teaches you more than a year of HS science. []
  4. Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math []
  5. But even before this, there was a sign: elbow patches. I always thought they were cool, a symbol of knowledge and authority. Then a friend explained that they weren’t a fashion statement but a sign of poverty. Professors were required to wear suits and had their elbows on desks while writing all day. They wore out the fabric, but couldn’t afford to buy new suits, so they sewed leather patches on them to keep it from happening again. This is why I won’t buy a new jacket with elbow patches, just as I don’t buy jeans with holes in them. It’s poverty as a fashion statement. []
  6. Yes, force, because they will probably be shy and insecure about it, and not realize adults get a big ego boost just from being consulted. Heck, I have to hammer this home to young professionals who already have a job. []
  7. I know Ivy Leagues are making sure that happens, but only very recently, and only because they’ve been shamed by alumni donors. []
  8. I have several other ideas along those lines, especially for computer science. If you’re an international school who wants input from an authority on the tech hiring process, reach out. []

Upgrading to Grails 3


I’m upgrading an app from Grails 2.4 to 3.1 and thought I’d take share my thoughts and notes.

First, I want to say that I’m very grateful to the maintainers for all their hard work. I know this wasn’t easy.

Second, I’m not a full time coder anymore. Running a software/staffing company gives me lots to do. So although I’ve been doing Grails for a few years now, and Spring/Hibernate before that, consider me a casual user. Still, I have opinions – don’t we all? I’m sharing them because I want Grails to thrive.

As you know, Grails began as a way to make Spring/Hibernate development much easier. Over time, it grew a wonderful ecosystem, but it’s still Spring/Hibernate at its core.

When Spring 4 was launched, I attended an event where all the new features were explained, along with Spring Boot. The Spring people were very excited. But I kept thinking, “This is nice, but it’s still well behind Grails.”

The problem is, SpringSource made a lot of changes under the hood to deliver those features. And Grails, being a layer on top, had to be rewritten to remain compatible and up to date.

That means this upgrade is a necessary evil. Because I left Spring for Grails a few years ago, for me it means work and frustration with no benefit. That’s not meant to be an insult, but rather a compliment to Grails 2.x, which worked so well for me and thousands of others. I know the maintainers didn’t have a choice, but at no point during my Grails dev did I ever think, “Gosh, I wish Grails had a completely different architecture under the hood. It’s really holding me back!” Most of the Grails devs I talk to feel the same way. So I’m sorry this post isn’t quite ebullient.

I’m doing this now because I know this is the future,1 and doing it with a project still in development will be way easier. I have another an app in production and I want to take the lumps with a pre-launch project first.

Docs on upgrading are decent, but I had a lot of questions it didn’t answer. Hopefully this is helpful.

New Tech

Grails 3 incorporates the following technologies you’ll have to understand:

  • Gradle (replacing Gant)
  • YAML
  • logback (replacing log4j)
  • Asset Pipeline plugin

Gradle does seem to be a improvement over Ant (and I never liked Maven), but the Grails build system always worked great for me. YAML and logback seem simple enough, but I don’t see the value added, especially after hosting a talk on log4j 2, which looks great.

Asset Pipeline is a hands down win, and something you should be using in 2.x if you’re not already. I know a lot of people are still using the Resources plugin, but it’s time to move on.

I’ll add that the command line expects you to be running with JDK 8. run-app crashed immediately with a bytecode error and the answer was to set the GRAILS_OPTS environment variable to “-XX:-UseSplitVerifier -Xverify:none”. Later, I simply changed my JAVA_HOME to JDK 8, which doesn’t need that. I think we’re all ready to move on to Java 8 now anyway.


Update: I want to share some inside info from a JetBrains employee. JetBrains uses votes and social media (Twitter complaints) to prioritize work. The Grails community has been pretty lax in voting for IntelliJ issues, hence we’re seeing core functionality like reload/debug half-broken for Grails 3. Please upvote issues, and comment if an issue is holding you back.

The Grails community is unanimous in it’s support for IntelliJ, and I previously wrote about why it’s better than GGTS (Eclipse). I believe GGTS has been discontinued as it was maintained not by the Grails team, but by the SpringSource tools team that makes STS. If your employer was too cheap to buy you IntelliJ before, you have an ironclad argument now.

I had to upgrade to the latest version to use Grails 3. I had put this off because I knew the Grails view was missing. Now it’s there for Grails 2 projects, but not 3. I didn’t realize how helpful it was until I lost it.

I used it to create my project, since in Grails 3 you create a blank project and copy your old project into it. First thing you need to do is pull up the Gradle tool window and click the refresh icon. As brilliant as IntellliJ is, it’s too dumb to realize this is a Grails project, even though it just created it. It thinks it’s only a Gradle project until you pull up the Gradle tool window and click the refresh icon. After this, you’ll see the Grails menus and your app available in the run configuration menus. Absolutely critical, yet not in the docs or automated for you, leaving some confusion.

Once Gradle is refreshed you can use the usual way of running it, but that has a glaring bug – environment variables you set in the run configuration are not passed on! This is a big deal, as you’ll read below, because environment variables are the standard way to do external config now that specifying files is not supported out of the box.

To get around this, use the Application run configuration. Go to ../grails-app/init and right click on Application.groovy to run/debug. Note: this is not your config file. That’s under conf, with a lowercase ‘a,’ see below.

However, there’s another problem – if you need to test SSL connections, you need run-app -https, and as mentioned that doesn’t work with environment variables. Since it’s local, I’m running with an insecure channel, but I’d like that fixed.

environments {
    development {
        grails.plugin.springsecurity.secureChannel.definition = [
                [pattern: '/**', access: 'REQUIRES_SECURE_CHANNEL']

IntelliJ is so smart it notices when you’re using something without the source and docs, and suggests you grab it.  That is terrific.

But like the Gradle refresh, it also does things that are confusing. If I click on just about any file, including settings.gradle, the editor tab shows the file name. But when I click on build.gradle, the tab has the app name. I know I’ll get used to this, but it adds to the learning curve. And I’m chuckling as I write this and realize this is trivial compared to the fact that I now have to learn Gradle. Hey, at least it’s not Maven 🙂

Update: auto-reload broken?
I find that auto-reload on edit is now broken. Not sure why, but as linked there is a similar issue. Auto-reload works fine when I run ‘grails run-app’ on the command line. I can run that in the background and edit with IntelliJ, but I can’t debug. Losing the edit/test cycle with the debugger means troubleshooting is much slower now, especially with controllers, which are a real pain to unit test.

Update 2: Workaround (Thanks Josh!)
I’ve done more investigating. Basic reload via the grails run-app configuration works. However, there is a significant disconnect between the editor window and compiled code – the editor uses the code built on startup when determining if a line can have a breakpoint. So if you change the code and want to set a new breakpoint, it won’t work

In the comments, Josh pointed out that it was working for him when run via Gradle. Follow the docs to run/debug via Gradle. It worked, but I couldn’t find the console output. To see it, in the Console window that is showing Gradle tasks/times, click the toggle button with the tooltip “Toggle tasks executions/text mode.” Now you’ll see the console output.

Note that this still does not allow you to run via HTTPS like with run-app. It’s good enough for now, but please upvote this issue to make it better for everyone.


Grails 3 introduces an application.yml file that is used by default. Even though the docs describe it as “an alternative format,”I have found at least one setting that must be set in application.yml:

We do not have a definitive list of what must be defined in the YAML file. That is the only one I noticed, but there certainly could be more. If you’re going to use application.groovy, you may want to add a check in BootStrap.groovy and exit on missing settings.

So why was YAML chosen? Because Spring Boot uses it, and according to Graeme Rocher it’s fully machine writable where Groovy sometimes isn’t (or not easily). But for whatever reason, the helpful comments in Config.groovy are gone. If you’re upgrading, you can just copy them all over.

If you’re converting to Groovy or vice versa, this SO question may help:

One thing you’ll need to change is your defaultPackage, since Grails create-app doesn’t ask for it. I had originally converted all the YAML to Groovy, then found defaultPackage is ignored when in application.groovy. For now, this is my whole application.yml, but expect I’ll need to add more:

        defaultPackage: com.madeupname.web

Which takes precedence if you use both? Short answer is “don’t do that!” Make sure there is zero overlap between the two config files. You won’t get an error or even a warning, and in my test YAML consistently overrode Groovy, but you can’t assume that will always be the case. The recommended approach is to stick with application.yml and use Groovy whenever you need to programmatically set values. You’ll also have to keep an eye out for plugins modifying either file.

If you need external configuration files, you’ll have to do some hacking. I recommend reading this thread on the dev list. But the general recommendation is to use system variables/command line arguments (which take precedence) or environment variables (see Spring PropertySource). This is probably what you need to do if you’re deploying to a PaaS like Elastic Beanstalk, Cloudbees, Jelastic, etc.

Update: external config
Thanks again to Josh in the comments, I found very clear instructions from Haki on how to enable external config in Grails 3, and it’s pretty easy. As instructed, I added the VM option to my run config, updated my Gradle config file, and made sure the format was YAML. Maybe you can use Groovy config for this, but I played it safe.

With reload not working properly for debug in the Application and run-app run configs, you have to use Gradle, which requires external config files because IntelliJ doesn’t support setting environment variables for Gradle tasks.

So it would be great if you could upvote this issue to support environment variables.


Because of the sweeping changes to the architecture, most (if not all) plugins need to be updated to work with Grails 3. In many cases the change is small, but you’ll want to check what the latest compatible version is.

Unfortunately, the Grails plugin site, while improved, still has issues. The good news is that it separates Grails 3 compatible plugins. The bad news is that the current version could be way off. For example, Spring Security UI needs a lot of supporting libraries, including Hibernate4 plugin. You can find it here:

Problem is, the actual latest version is 5.0.7 and definitely not 5.0.0.RC1. There’s also no clear list of required and optional dependencies, you need to look to the plugin docs for that. If an official/core plugin has the wrong version listed, I’m forced to distrust every version on the plugin site. I’m also wondering how that info is added, and I suspect it’s manually, since the fields plugin has its source and issues links reversed.2

Another concern is that after a year, the Grails 3 compatible Mail plugin is still a release candidate, and Spring Security UI is just a milestone release. This is going to give a lot of people pause when considering upgrading.

The MailService class changed, but it’s no longer needed. Config is largely unchanged, except for the environment variable placeholders. This is for Gmail:

grails {
    mail {
        host = '${MAIL_HOST}'
        port = '${MAIL_PORT}'
        username = '${MAIL_PASSWORD}'
        password = '${MAIL_USERNAME}'
        props = ["mail.smtp.auth":"true",
grails.mail.default.from = "[email protected]" = "[email protected]"

You have to change very instance of:

static scaffold = true


static scaffold = Classname

I also found a potential bug where the configuration setting domainSuffix is only changing the model name and not what is expected in the view. The workaround is to remove the domainSuffix setting and update all your controller responses to remove the word “Instance.” So companyInstanceList would be changed to companyList, and the same with count, etc.

Spring Security
I use S2 core and UI plugins, which must be updated. For S2 UI, you must specify plugin and library dependencies. In particular, you need to specify a number of GORM libraries, and it’s not clear why. The docs do not list in one place every plugin you (likely) need. Here’s my build.gradle config for both plugins:

compile 'org.grails.plugins:spring-security-core:3.1.1'
compile 'org.grails.plugins:spring-security-ui:3.0.0.M2'
compile 'org.grails:grails-datastore-core:5.0.7.RELEASE'
compile 'org.grails:grails-datastore-gorm-support:5.0.7.RELEASE'
compile 'org.grails:grails-datastore-gorm:5.0.7.RELEASE'
compile 'org.grails:grails-datastore-simple:5.0.7.RELEASE'
compile 'org.grails:grails-datastore-gorm-hibernate4:5.0.7.RELEASE'
compile 'org.grails:grails-datastore-gorm-hibernate-core:5.0.7.RELEASE'
compile 'org.grails.plugins:mail:2.0.0.RC6'


It’s not config, but I had a class in src/groovy that used the @Validateable annotation, and now wouldn’t compile. You need to make it implement the Validateable trait (interface) instead.

Looking back, it does not seem that bad, but without knowing any of the above it was an exercise in frustration. Hope I save you some trouble!

  1. Kind of like when I moved from Subversion to Git. []
  2. While the main Grails site has a button to fix any page, the plugin sub-site does not, and there’s no docs to fix plugin data. []

Notes From Thee Linux Conference (SCALE 14)

I attended SCALE for the first time this past weekend and highly recommend it. They had not only talks, but all-day training sessions for which you would reasonably expect to pay hundreds of dollars. I also got to meet Jenkins founder Kohsuke Kawaguchi, Apache Bigtop founder Konstantin Boudnik, and Randal L. Schwartz, whose Learning Perl I referenced countless times back in my Perl days. Plus I got to spend quality time with good friends.

Here are my notes from talks. I’m no longer in admin/DevOps, so I picked talks that piqued my interest.

Scaling – from Joel Salas of HauteLook
They are an ecommerce site that has to deal with high burst traffic. It’s LAMP, so not entirely applicable to my stack (Grails), but there were some good tips that many high traffic sites could use:

  • Tuned, a Linux daemon that collects data and allows you to set optimal system defaults that can have a big difference.
  • He prefers Gatling over JMeter for load testing. (I’ll note I’ve had good success with the latter, but never hurts to learn about new tools.)
  • Varnish, in addition to a CDN.
  • SolrCloud for search.

Postgresql EXPLAIN PLAN – from Josh Berkus of Red Hat

Postgresql for big data/data science – from Jim Nasby

  • Slony and Londiste should no longer be used
  • Can scale to 80+ cores
  • pg_shard – for sharding/replicating PG tables
  • cstore – columnar data store
  • PGStrom – allows PG to utilize the GPU
  • PostgREST –  give any PG DB a REST API
  • Toro DB – Mongo DB compatible JSON document DB, but built on Postgresq. Can save you a ton of space and I/O.

Dart by Randal Schwartz

  • Looking really good, lots of progress made, in use on big projects (100+ devs) at Google
  • Works on Node.js
  • Lot of work into making it compile into readable JavaScript
  • Great features taken from Java: types, reflection, concurrency, async futures, streams
  • Removes unused functions on packaging (smaller downloads, e.g., won’t include all of jQuery)
  • Pub is where everyone shares open source packages:
  • Free book to learn, kept up to date: